>>Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis

Without Its Barrier, The Skin Becomes Altered.

What is it?

Also known as “atopic eczema” or “constitutional eczema”, it is a chronic recurrent condition that mainly affects infants as young as three months old. There is an alteration in the skin’s barrier and it loses the ability to lock in moisture and keep out harmful substances. It is the most common inflammatory disorder to affect children, it can also occur during youth and adolescence, but is rarer in adults. “Atopic” comes from “atopy”, namely a genetic predisposition which triggers off an excessive reaction to a number of environmental agents.

Causes
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Exposure to allergens
  • Contributory environmental causes: using highly foaming products in hygiene routine, woollen or synthetic clothing, clothing that is too heavy, dust mites, animals in the home, exposure to smoke.
Symptoms
  • Red patches, blisters, swelling with erosions and scabs, intense itching.
Affected areas
  • In newborns: cheeks, forehead, scalp
  • In successive years: inside elbows and behind the knees, perioral area, hands.
Treatment
  • Reduce the inflammation, without resorting to cortisone if possible by applying soothing products which do not contain potential allergens
  • Rebuild the skin barrier using emollient and cleansing products that are free of fragrances, preservatives, metals (Nickel etc.) and other allergens. 
Avoid
  • Using, or placing clothes made of wool, fleece, synthetic and rough fabrics in direct contact with the skin,
  • Skin products which contain irritants or allergens (nickel, fragrances, lanolin, preservatives) and extremely foamy and fragranced cleansers
  • Home furnishings which are difficult to wash - wallpaper, carpets, soft toys, heavy non-washable curtains (velvet);
  • High temperatures, pets and smoking indoors.
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